Autism And Treatment

Autism is a pervasive developmental disability that is usually diagnosed in the first three years of life. This neurological disorder disrupts typical development and impairs social and communication skills. Persons with autism often have difficulty with verbal and non-verbal communication, social interaction, motor skills, appropriate play, and adaptive skills. Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning that all persons are affected in different ways and to different degrees. Current statistics state that autism affects 1 in 88 children and is four times more common in boys than it is in girls.

Decades of research have shown that intensive early intervention can significantly improve the functioning of children with autism. Despite the disruption of learning processes in children with autism, the principles of ABA can be used to effectively treat children with autism.

ABA is a systematic approach to assessing behaviour and the application of interventions to change that behaviour. This approach works to increase functional and appropriate behaviours while decreasing inappropriate or maladaptive behaviours. ABA techniques involve: breaking skills into smaller parts, teaching one sub skill at a time, providing concentrated teaching, providing prompting and prompt fading to maximize learning, and utilizing reinforcement procedures.

Although many techniques are used as part of treatment, the primary instructional theory is discrete trial teaching. This method is used with all skills and activities. The basic premise is that all behaviour occurs because of what happens immediately before the behaviour (the antecedent) and what follows afterwards (the consequence). Each sequence of an antecedent, behaviour, and consequence is considered a trial. By using this method, the child gets immediate and constant feedback for their responses and behaviour. This maximizes learning and allows the child to receive feedback for both correct and incorrect responses and behaviours.

Over time ABA has evolved to include a greater emphasis on increasing verbal behaviour and spontaneity of language. There is also a focus on more quickly generalizing skills to all environments and teaching in a natural setting. As the child progresses through the program, ABA-VB instructors begin to use more natural language, materials, and environments.

 

 

 

 

 

Testimonials

Mr. Srinivasan Kohtari
Learning center for Autism not only helped my child overcome obstacles never thought possible, they showed us that anything is possible.

Mrs. Anchal Thakur
Thank you for all you do for Manav. His great progress and his love of Learning Center for Autism is testimony to your talent and dedication.

Developing, providing creative & innovative educational services for individual and their families affected by Autism.